“Jumping Out of the Agricultural Gate” (tiaochu nongmen)
Since the late 1950s, the implementation of the household registration (hukou) system has made converting rural hukou to urban status a central aspect of upward social mobility in rural China. Through a biographical approach, this article attempts to capture, in relation to historical periods between 1950 and 2012, the ups and downs of various forms of hukou conversion and social mobility channels, how these fluctuating routes have been perceived, interpreted, pursued, and actualised by the rural people in a central Chinese village, and their consequences in terms of gendered household educational resources distribution among children. By doing this, it addresses ongoing debates about the relationship between allocation of household resources, gender inequality, and social mobility in rural China. While examining the dynamics of these avenues to social mobility, this paper pays particular attention to education and its changing function as an important social mobility channel, and argues that there is an unintended link between higher educational attainment, improvements in gender equality in education in rural China, and social mobility. This link is nevertheless weak due to its logic of developmentalism.
Index by keyword :gender, social mobility, intra-household resource distribution, education (in)equality in rural China
Yuqin Huang, « “Jumping Out of the Agricultural Gate” (tiaochu nongmen) », China Perspectives [Online], 2012/4 | 2012, Online since 07 December 2012, connection on 18 April 2014. URL : http://chinaperspectives.revues.org/6020Top of page
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