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The Maoming Anti-PX Protest of 2014

An environmental movement in contemporary China
Kingsyhon Lee and Ming-sho Ho
p. 33-39


China has witnessed several peaceful and successful anti-PX (para-xylene) protests in Xiamen, Dalian, and Ningbo in recent years. However, the protest in Maoming in 2014 turned out to be a noteworthy exception. By using participant observation and in-depth interview data, this article raises the following observations: first, in spite of official propaganda, Maoming citizens actually understand the environmental risk of PX production because of their personal experiences with existing pollution as well as from their knowledge of the Xiamen incident. Secondly, the Maoming protest proceeded in a less organised manner, which explains its violent tendencies. Finally, the large-scale protest was able to proceed without the support of mainstream media and the middle class due to the use of online social media and local knowledge of the urban terrain.

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Electronic reference

Kingsyhon Lee and Ming-sho Ho, « The Maoming Anti-PX Protest of 2014 », China Perspectives [Online], 2014/3 | 2014, Online since 01 January 2017, connection on 27 May 2017. URL :

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About the authors

Ming-sho Ho

Ming-sho Ho is a professor at the Department of Sociology, National Taiwan University.Department of Sociology, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Roosevelt Rd. Sec 4., Taipei City, 10617, Taiwan (

By this author

Kingsyhon Lee

Kingsyhon Lee is a visiting research student at National Taiwan University.National Taiwan University, No. 1, Roosevelt Rd. Sec 4., Taipei City, 10617, Taiwan (

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