Evolution of Chinese Ghost Cities
In the late 2000s, the phenomenon of ghost cities emerged in China, including not only boomtowns such as Ordos but also “ordinary” third- and fourth-tier cities such as Changzhou. Based on a conceptual framework of China’s land-driven growth machine under entrepreneurial governance, we update the ghost city phenomenon through an in-depth empirical study of a third-tier city, Changzhou. The objective of this paper is to expand our understanding of how excessive accumulation of real estate assets has come to dominate the landscape of this type of city against the background of China’s economic slowdown. The author argues that overbuilding is due to the malfunction of the classic urban expansion model under entrepreneurial governance. In the case of Changzhou, the local government continued massive “sales” of residential and commercial land while effective housing demand was declining due to slowdowns in the local manufacturing industry and in population growth. In response to the “New Normal” advocated by the central government, the government of Changzhou redirected its land and housing policy. Nevertheless, more profound reforms are needed to change the paradigm of growth-oriented urbanism.
Index by keyword :real estate, China., Ghost city, urban expansion, growth machine, entrepreneurial governance, Changzhou
Li Mingye, « Evolution of Chinese Ghost Cities », China Perspectives [Online], 2017/1 | 2017, Online since 01 March 2018, connection on 28 April 2017. URL : http://chinaperspectives.revues.org/7209Top of page
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